United Nations Library & Archives Geneva

We’re glad when authors send us their publications researched in our archives! We are also proud when we read in prefaces that our archivists have been “exceptionally helpful” in guiding researchers to access the archival material of the United Nations Library & Archives Geneva!…


As violence subsides in Tigray, Ethiopia’s Oromia conflict flares

Ethiopia’s Oromia conflict: ‘People are dying on a daily basis’

Map of Ethiopia with Oromia region highlighted

As violence subsides in #Tigray, #Ethiopia’s #Oromia conflict flares

‘We will not keep quiet until peace comes and the suffering of our people ends.’

Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) rebels were previously confined to the fringes of western and southern Oromia, Ethiopia’s largest region. But analysts say the Tigray war created a security vacuum that has helped the OLA expand its long-running insurgency.

The security situation is now “fast deteriorating”, the UN’s aid coordination agency, OCHA, warned in a report last month. Hundreds of thousands of civilians have been uprooted and essential services are not functioning in some conflict-affected areas.

“We were afraid [that] the kinds of things you see in the media were happening in our city,” said Oromia resident Naol Tesfaye, describing an OLA attack in November. He said the group briefly seized his town, Nekemte, before melting into the countryside.[…]

Book Aid International: 2022 A Year to Remember

In 2022, we supported new countries, welcomed volunteers and sent more than one million books. In this blog our Chief Executive reflects on the year, and on what lies ahead.

Alison Tweed,Chief Executive at Book Aid International

In these challenging times, each book has the power to spark a transformation. With books, the quality of education soars – and children reach their potential. With books, families fighting poverty learn new skills to grow businesses that thrive. With books, a better future feels more achievable than ever.  {…]

Over 99% of these books are generously donated by the UK publishing industry – and we’re always in need of more. Each book is carefully selected for the community it will reach, and we provide books in more than 30 countries. Find out how we select and send books or see where we work.

Source: Via Book Aid International Blog

Related Information:

Book Aid International is the leading UK-based book donor organization, partnering with Hawassa University in order to enrich education since 2020 by supporting Libraries within the Sidama National Regional State of Ethiopia.

Tap the below link for more information…

{Latest Research Article} A Comparative Study of Wildlife Law Awareness and Enforcement in Two Districts Administered under Two Distinct Regional States, Southern Ethiopia

A co-authored research article on Taylor and Francis Journal of international wildlife law:

Meharu Fekadu, Department of Wildlife and Protected Area Management, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia,

Zerihun Girma, Department of Wildlife and Protected Area Management, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia,

Girma Mengesha, Department of Wildlife and Protected Area Management, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia,


Edilu Shona, School of Law, College of Law and Governance, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia,


A study was conducted to assess the awareness of the local community about wildlife conservation law and the effectiveness of wildlife law enforcement in the Arbegona and Nensebo woredas (districts) administered under two regional states, in southern Ethiopia. Household surveys, key informant interviews, field observations and document reviews were used to collect data. In total, 185 households (89 from Arbegona and 96 from Nensebo) were randomly selected for the household survey. Thirty-four key informants were also selected from the two districts. There was a significant difference about wildlife law awareness among age class (p = 0.000) and educational level (p = 0.014). A majority of the households (43.8% and 51%) in Arbegona and Nensebo woredas, respectively, indicated that the condition of wildlife and forest resources declined due to a lack of awareness on their importance and the increased human and livestock populations. A lack of staff and funds, insufficient equipment and low support from the community and regulatory bodies contributed to inefficient law enforcement in both districts. In both study areas, there are many threats to wildlife, which include illegal hunting, the expansion of agricultural land, illegal settlements, tree cutting and illegal livestock grazing. From the findings of the study, it can be concluded that there is a greater degree of forest/wildlife resource overexploitation and law enforcement ineffectiveness in the Nensebo woreda, administered by Oromia Regional State, than in the Arbegona woreda, administered by Sidama Regional State. Generally, to sustain wildlife conservation there is a need to raise awareness among farmers about wildlife laws and conservation practice. Moreover, there is an urgent need to have a strong formal framework/standard guideline to establish effective wildlife law enforcement practices. […]

Urbanization and development in Africa: the role of the Economic Commission for Africa

May be an image of sky

Most African countries are still early in the #Urbanization process and now have a significant opportunity to leverage the power of growing cities to promote inclusive growth. In the three decades since 1990, #Africa has added nearly 400 million people to its cities, and over the next three decades to 2050, the continent will add 900 million. Here is what we are doing to ensure a smooth and fruitful urban transition by supporting the design and implementation of urban policies […]

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